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Veterinary Medicine for Your Dog’s Specific Breed

July 31, 2017 by admin0
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Not all dogs are created equal, and like humans, each breed comes with its own unique health concerns. While the following list is not indicative of the health concerns your pup might face, it can give you a good idea of the diseases and conditions that commonly affect certain breeds so that you know what to keep an eye out for. For more specific advice for your own dog care, turn to United Veterinary Center.

Dog Veterinary Care by Breed

American Pit Bull Terrier

Common Conditions: Demodecosis / Mange

Recommended Tests / Medications: Skin scrape for skin lesions

Most dogs can be treated at home with a mixture of 1% hydrogen peroxide solution in borax powder and water. Wash your dog once a week with this solution until the condition has cleared. If the condition becomes generalized demodectic mange, your dog might require Amitraz dips, which can become very expensive.

 

Australian Shepherd

Common Conditions: Cataracts, Collie eye anomaly, Epilepsy, Progressive Retinal Atrophy

Recommended Tests / Medications: Biannual eye exams for cataracts, Collie eye anomaly and Progressive Retinal Atrophy

To treat Epilepsy in your pup, veterinarians commonly prescribe anti-seizure medication such as henobarbital (PB) and potassium bromide (KBr or K-BroVet Potassium Bromide).

Your pup’s eye conditions may be treatable with eye drops or laser eye surgery.

 

Basset Hound

Common Conditions: Degenerative joint disease, glaucoma, otitis externa, elbow/hip dysplasia

Recommended Tests / Medications: Weight assessment, otic exam and annual intraocular pressures

Your pup may be treated for glaucoma with eye drops or laser eye surgery.

Ottis externa may be treated with over-the-counter analgesics and topical eardrops.

 

Beagle

Common Conditions: Progressive Retinal Atrophy, Glaucoma, Epilepsy

Recommended Tests / Medications: Weight assessment, annual intraocular pressures

To treat Epilepsy in your pup, veterinarians commonly prescribe anti-seizure medication such as henobarbital (PB) and potassium bromide (KBr or K-BroVet Potassium Bromide).

Your pup’s eye conditions may be treatable with eye drops or laser eye surgery.

 

Bichon Frise

Common Conditions: Cataracts, Cushing’s disease, bladder stones

Recommended Tests / Medications: Eye exam, biannual urinalysis, blood work twice yearly after 7 years

Your pup’s eye conditions may be treatable with eye drops or laser eye surgery.

The most common medication used to treat Cushing’s disease in dogs is trilostane (Vetoryl). However, some cases may require the use of steroids.

 

If the bladder stones are caused by an underlying condition such as a urinary tract infection, your dog may be treated with antibiotics and pain medication if necessary. In some instances, surgery may be required. In others, your veterinarian may recommend placing your pet on a prescription diet that helps to reduce stones and prevent future occurrences.

 

Boxer

Common Conditions: Cardiomyopathy, hypothyroidism, tumors, GDV, cancer

Recommended Tests / Medications: Yearly ECG, thyroid test after age 7, biopsies of all tumors

Bronchodilators such as theophylline and aminophylline may be used to help manage your Boxer’s Cardiomyopathy.

Thyroid hormone supplements such as Levothyroxine prove to be the best treatment for hypothyroidism.

 

English Bulldog

Common Conditions: Demodectic mange, screw tail, dry eye, otitis externa, obesity, DJD

Recommended Tests / Medications: Schirmer teat test, skin scrapes for skin lesions, ear exam, weight assessment

Most dogs can be treated for Demodectic manage with a mixture of 1% hydrogen peroxide solution in borax powder and water. Wash your dog once a week with this solution until the condition has cleared. If the condition becomes generalized demodectic mange, your dog might require Amitraz dips.

Your pup’s eye conditions may be treatable with eye drops or laser eye surgery.

Obesity can easily be managed with a strict diet and exercise.

 

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Common Conditions: Syrigomylagia, idiopathic deafness, mitral insufficiency

Recommended Tests / Medications: Yearly ECG, yearly hearing assessment

There are few drugs that can help your dog with Syrigomylagia, but surgery may reduce the swelling in the spine.

Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, diuretics, beta-blockers and a low-salt diet are just a few ways that mitral insufficiency can be treated.

 

Chihuahua

Common Conditions: Dental disease, hydrocephalus, luxating patellas

Recommended Tests / Medications: Biannual oral exams, weight and lameness assessment

Unfortunately, hydrocephalus is almost impossible to treat once it’s fully developed. However, acute onset of the disease can be managed with Corticosteroids, such as prednisone or dexamethasone, and other drugs, including acetazolamide, omeprazole and furosemide.

 

Cocker Spaniel

Common Conditions: Allergies, Glaucoma, cataracts, otitis

Recommended Tests / Medications: Biannual eye exam with intraocular pressures, otic exams.

Your pup’s eye conditions may be treatable with eye drops or laser eye surgery.

Ottis externa may be treated with over-the-counter analgesics and topical eardrops.

Allergies, depending on the cause, may be treated with over-the-counter allergy medications. In some instances, antibiotics may be required.

 

Dachshund

Common Conditions: Glaucoma, intervertebral disc disease

Recommended Tests / Medications: Intraocular pressures, annual weight assessment

Glaucoma may be treatable with eye drops or laser eye surgery.

 

Doberman

Common Conditions: vWD, hypothyroidism, cardiomyopathy, osteosarcoma

Recommended Tests / Medications: Annual ECG, radiographs if lameness is present, annual thyroid test after age 7, baseline coagulation profile

Thyroid hormone supplements such as Levothyroxine prove to be the best treatment for hypothyroidism.

Bronchodilators such as theophylline and aminophylline may be used to help manage your Doberman’s Cardiomyopathy.

Chemotherapy and amputation are really the only viable treatment options for osteosarcoma.

 

German Shepherd

 Common Conditions: Cardiomyopathy, elbow hip dysplasia, hemangiosarcoma, perianal fistula

 Recommended Tests / Medications: Annual ECG, annual abdominal/heart ultrasound after age 7, hip and elbow evaluations at 1 year and every year thereafter

Bronchodilators such as theophylline and aminophylline may be used to help manage your Doberman’s Cardiomyopathy.

Topical treatments may be prescribed for perianal fistula, but because the condition is not fully understood, there is not yet a permanent treatment option.

 

Golden Retriever

Common Conditions: Lymphoma, elbow dysplasia, hemangiosarcoma, mast cell tumors

Recommended Tests / Medications: Yearly abdominal / cardiac ultrasounds after age 7

 

Greyhound

Common Conditions: Osteosarcoma, dental disease

Recommended Tests / Medications: Biannual oral exams, radiographs if lameness is present

 

Labrador Retriever

Common Conditions: Cranial cruciate rupture, hip dysplasia, obesity, cataracts

Recommended Tests / Medications: Weight assessment, radiographs, annual eye exam

Cataracts may be treated with laser eye surgery.

Your retriever’s weight may be managed with a strict diet and exercise.

 

Lhasa Apso

Common Conditions: Bladder stones, patellar luxation

Recommended Tests / Medications: Biannual urinalysis

If the bladder stones are caused by an underlying condition such as a urinary tract infection, your dog may be treated with antibiotics and pain medication if necessary. In some instances, surgery may be required. In others, your veterinarian may recommend placing your pet on a prescription diet that helps to reduce stones and prevent future occurrences.

 

Maltese

Common Conditions: Dental disease, hypothyroidism, liver shunts

Recommended Tests / Medications: Biannual dental exams, baseline blood panel, yearly thyroid checks after age 7

Thyroid hormone supplements such as Levothyroxine prove to be the best treatment for hypothyroidism.

Surgery may be the only viable treatment option for liver shunts.

 

Min Pin

Common Conditions: Hypothyroidism, Legg Perthes, heart defects, disc disease

Recommended Tests / Medications: Annual thyroid tests after age 7, annual ECG, weight assessment

Thyroid hormone supplements such as Levothyroxine prove to be the best treatment for hypothyroidism.

 

Miniature Poodle

Common Conditions: Progressive retinal atrophy, patellar luxation, glaucoma, cataracts

Recommended Tests / Medications: Biannual eye exam with intraocular pressures

Your pup’s eye conditions may be treatable with eye drops or laser eye surgery.

 

Miniature Schnauzer

Common Conditions: Diabetes, bladder stones, PRA

Recommended Tests / Medications: Urinalysis, biannual blood work

If your Schnauzer’s bladder stones are caused by an underlying condition such as a urinary tract infection, he may be treated with antibiotics, and pain medication if necessary. In some instances, surgery may be required. In others, your veterinarian may recommend placing your pooch on a prescription diet that helps to reduce stones and prevent future occurrences.

You can manage your dog’s diabetes with a strict diet and exercise regime. Insulin injections may be necessary.

 

Pekingese

Common Conditions: Dry eye

Recommended Tests / Medications: Annual tear test

 

Poodle

Common Conditions: Cataracts, glaucoma, epilepsy

Recommended Tests / Medications: Annual ocular exam with intraocular pressures

Your Poodle may be treated for glaucoma with eye drops or laser eye surgery. Cataracts may be corrected with surgery as well.

To treat Epilepsy in your pup, veterinarians commonly prescribe anti-seizure medication such as henobarbital (PB) and potassium bromide (KBr or K-BroVet Potassium Bromide).

 

Pug

Common Conditions: Dry eye, pug dog encephalitis, obesity, upper airway syndrome

Recommended Tests / Medications: Annual tear assessment, biannual weight assessment

Obesity can easily be managed with a strict diet and exercise.

 

Rottweiler

Common Conditions: Osteosarcoma, hypothyroidism, subaortic stenosis, hip and elbow dysplasia

Recommended Tests / Medications: ECG, annual thyroid tests after age 7, hip and elbow evaluations at 1 year and annually thereafter, radiographs for lameness

Thyroid hormone supplements such as Levothyroxine prove to be the best treatment for hypothyroidism.

 

Shar Pei

Common Conditions: Ear/skins infections, demodecosis mange, hypothyroidism

Recommended Tests / Medications: Yearly bloodwork, annual thyroid tests after age 7, skin scraping of skin lesions

Most dogs can be treated for demodecosis mange with a home with a mixture of 1% hydrogen peroxide solution in borax powder and water. Wash your dog once a week with this solution until the condition has cleared. If the condition becomes generalized demodectic mange, your dog might require Amitraz dips, which can become very expensive.

Thyroid hormone supplements such as Levothyroxine prove to be the best treatment for hypothyroidism.

 

Shih Tzu

Common Conditions: Liver shunt, PRA, bladder stones, renal dysplasia, otitis externa, dry eye

Recommended Tests / Medications: Annual tear assessment, baseline blood values, biannual urinalysis

Surgery may be the only viable treatment option for liver shunts.

If your pup’s bladder stones are caused by an underlying condition such as a urinary tract infection, he may be treated with antibiotics, and pain medication if necessary. In some instances, surgery may be required. In others, your veterinarian may recommend placing your pooch on a prescription diet that helps to reduce stones and prevent future occurrences.

Ottis externa may be treated with over-the-counter analgesics and topical eardrops.

 

Wetie

Common Conditions: Liver shunt, PRA, bladder stones, renal dysplasia, otitis externa, dry eye

Recommended Tests / Medications: Cataracts, skin disease/allergies, craniomandibulat osteopathy, copper toxicosis, leukodystrophy

Cataracts may be corrected with laser eye surgery.

Copper toxicosis can be managed with IV fluids, oxygen therapy, antibiotics and observation. Chelation with penicillamine can be used to treat both acute and chronic copper poisoning. Once your dog’s copper levels are reduced, zinc therapy of 3 mg of zinc per day can help with liver disease.

Physical therapy and pain medications can help manage your dog’s leukodystorphy.

 

Yorkie

Common Conditions: Liver shunt, bladder stones, pancreatitis, dental disease

Recommended Tests / Medications: Baseline blood values, biannual urinalysis, oral exam

Surgery may be the only viable treatment option for liver shunts.

If the bladder stones are caused by an underlying condition such as a urinary tract infection, your dog may be treated with antibiotics and pain medication if necessary. In some instances, surgery may be required. In others, your veterinarian may recommend placing your pet on a prescription diet that helps to reduce stones and prevent future occurrences.


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